Major Archive

Delayed wound healing in Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disorder of glucose metabolism with hyperglycemia triggered by conditions associated with a relative or absolute insulin deficiency. Insulin is an anabolic hormone with profound effects on the metabolism of carbohydrate, fat and protein. Less severe hyperglycemia is called ...Read More

Uterine leiomyoma or Fibroid

Definition: Most common benign neoplasm of female genital tract composed of smooth muscle and connective tissue that is hormonally responsive (Growth ↑ in pregnancy and ↓ after menopause). Gross pathology: Discrete, round, firm, irregularly lobulated and often multiple. Enlarged uterus Smooth and white cut ...Read More

Acute Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Definition: It is the polymicrobial infection and inflammation of the upper genital tract typically involving the fallopian tubes, ovaries and surrounding structures (endometritis, salpingitis, pelvic peritonitis, tubo-ovarian abscess). Causative organisms: Primary organisms: Ascending spread of micro-organisms from cervico-vaginal canal Neisseria gonorrhoeae (1/3rd cases) Chlamydia ...Read More

Important Signs in Surgery

This is a collection of a large number of important clinical and radiological signs in surgery. Most of these are eponyms. Comment to add more signs to this list. TRAUMA Basilar skull fracture: Racoon/Panda sign: Periorbital ecchymoses Battle’s sign: Retroauricular (Over mastoid process) ecchymoses ...Read More