Gynae/Obstr Archive

MBBS Guide : Topics for Gyne/Obs Exam

Obstetrics Anatomy Placenta anatomy, functions, umbilical cord and abnormalities (Viva) Physiological changes in Pregnancy and normal puerperium Human chorionic gonadotrophin and Urine pregnancy test Terminologies used in History and Examination (Viva) Labor vs False labor vs Braxton-Hicks contraction and D/d of acute abdomen in ...Read More

Uterine leiomyoma or Fibroid

Definition: Most common benign neoplasm of female genital tract composed of smooth muscle and connective tissue that is hormonally responsive (Growth ↑ in pregnancy and ↓ after menopause). Gross pathology: Discrete, round, firm, irregularly lobulated and often multiple. Enlarged uterus Smooth and white cut ...Read More

Acute Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Definition: It is the polymicrobial infection and inflammation of the upper genital tract typically involving the fallopian tubes, ovaries and surrounding structures (endometritis, salpingitis, pelvic peritonitis, tubo-ovarian abscess). Causative organisms: Primary organisms: Ascending spread of micro-organisms from cervico-vaginal canal Neisseria gonorrhoeae (1/3rd cases) Chlamydia ...Read More

A Review of Ectopic Pregnancy

Definition: Implantation and development of fertilized ovum outside the normal endometrial cavity Sites of Implantation: 1. Extrauterine (98.5%): Tubal (97%): Ampulla, Isthmus, Indundibulum, Interstitium Ovarian (0.5%) Abdominal (1%): Secondary > Primary 2. Uterine (1.5%): Cervical (<1%) Angular Cornual (In bicornuate uterus) Cesarean section scar ...Read More