Major Archive

Hypertension in Pregnancy: Summarized article

Types of hypertension in pregnancy Classification of hypertension in pregnancy: A. Gestational Hypertension- without proteinuria or pathological edema B. Preeclampsia – Hypertension and proteinuria with or without edema C. Eclampsia – Pre-eclampsia complicated with convulsion and/or coma D. Chronic Hypertension: a. Essential hypertension b. ...Read More

Pyogenic Liver Abscess

Liver Blood supply:— The liver derives blood from the hepatic artery (20%)  and the portal vein (80%). The hepatic artery usually arises from the aorta at the coeliac axis and divides into the right and left branches at the hilus. — —The venous drainage ...Read More

Exanthematous Illness, Rashes and their causes

Exanthematous Illness Exanthems – eruption of skin accompanied by inflammation. Enanthems – eruption of mucous membrane. Maculopapular rashes : Measles Rubella Erythema Infectiosum Roseola Coxsackie Echo virus CMV and HBV Erythema Multiforme due to Herpes virus, EBV, Adeno virus, Chlamydia, Salmonella, Mycobacteria, Histoplasma, Coccidiosis ...Read More

Paracetamol Poisoning In children

Paracetamol  Poisoning In Children: Paracetamol  is a commonly prescribed drug in Medical practice. It is rapidly absorbed on oral intake and metabolized to sulph and glucoronide  group. Small amount is excreted in Urine. Mechanism Of Toxiciy: Paracetamol  is Metabolised to NABQI ( N- Acetyl ...Read More

Progeria : Aging starts in Childhood

Alternative names Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) Hutchinson-Gilford Syndrome Progeria Syndrome Definition Progeria is a rare and fatal congenital disorder marked by physical symptoms resembling that of aging but having early onset in childhood. The word “Progeria” is derived from the Greek word “Progerus” meaning ...Read More

Arterial Blood Gas Sampling and Analysis

These are typical reference ranges, although various analysers and laboratories may employ different ranges. Online Interpreter ABG : Analyte Range Interpretation pH 7.35-7.45 The pH or H+ indicates if a patient is acidotic (pH < 7.35; H+ >45) or alkalemic (pH > 7.45; H+ ...Read More

Paracentesis and Ascitic Fluid analysis in context of SBP

Indications for diagnostic paracentesis: Cirrhotic patients with ascites at admission Cirrhotic patients with ascites and signs or symptoms of infection: fever, leukocytosis, abdominal pain Cirrhotic patients with ascites who present with a clinical condition that is deteriorating during hospitalization: renal function impairment, hepatic encephalopathy, ...Read More