Pharmacology Mnemonics : Musculoskeleteal System

Memory aid, educational, remembrance, techniques, information:

 

 

Easy Pharmacology Mnemonics

 

 
ANTI-LEPROTIC DRUGS:

MULTI-DRUG REGIMEN IN LEPRSOY:

For Paucibacillary Leprosy (PBL):
Daily – Dapsone 100 mg (unsupervised)
Monthly – Rifampicin 600 mg (supervised)
Duration: 6 months

For Multibacillary Leprosy (MBL):
Daily – Dapsone 100 mg + Clofazamine 50 mg (unsupervised)
Monthly – Rifampicin 600 mg + Clofazamine 300 mg (supervised)
Duration: 1 yr

Formula : D / R for paucibacillary and DC / RC for multibacillary
Explanation: The denominator is the monthly drug to be taken. In case of MBL, note that the dose of Clofazamine is half the dose of other drug taken along with it ( 100 / 2 = 50, 600 / 2 = 300 ) in both the cases.

D FOR DAPSONE:

Mechanism of action (MOA) : inhibiting the synthesis of Dihydrofolic acid

Dosage of DapsONE is 100 mg/day – ONE hundreD mg per Day

Treatment of Dermatitis herpetiformis = Dapsone

Dapsone is used to treat many Dermatological conditions (A to Z : Acne, Behcets, Kaposi’s Sarcoma, Lupus erythematosus, Leprosy, Mycetoma, Pemphigus, Pyoderma gangrenosum, Rhinosporidiosis, spider bites, etc)

Side effects of Dapsone : blooD ( methemoglobinemia, hemolysis and anemia),Dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome ( Mainly Dermatological manifestations – Mononucleosis like rash, skin eruptions, etc), Hepatotoxity etc.


NSAIDS:

TREATMENT OF PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS:
Mnemonic: “come IN and CLOSE the door’
Indomethacin is used to close Patent Ductus Arteriosus.

SIDE EFFECTS OF ASPIRIN:
Mnemonic: ASPIRIN
Asthma
Salicylism
Peptic ulcer disease/ Phosphorylation-oxidation uncoupling/ PPH/ Platelet disaggregation/ Premature closure of PDA
Intestinal blood loss
Reye’s syndrome
Idiosyncracy
Noise (tinnitus)


ANTI-RHEUMATOID DRUGS:

DISEASE MODIFYING ANTI-RHEUMATOID DRUGS (DMARDs):
Mnemonic: “CHAMP”
Cyclophosphamide
Hydroxycloroquine and choloroquinine
Auranofin and other gold compounds
Methotrexate
Penicillamine

INDICATION OF AURANOFIN & AUROTHIOGLUCOSE:
Mnemonic: AUR
Acts Upon Rheumatoid

VITAMIN D METABOLISM:

UV rays from sun act on skin and convert Cholecalciferol (CC) >> 25 Hydroxy CC in liver >> 1,25 Di Hydroxy CC in kidney.
There are two hydroxylation reactions: 1st one in Liver and 2nd one in Kidney.
How to remember: You have 1 liver, 2 kidneys; So hydroxylation 1st reaction in your 1 liver and 2nd hydroxylation in 2 kidneys.


ANTIVIRAL DRUGS:

ANTIVIRAL DRUGS USE “vir” AT START, MIDDLE OR END:

Abacavir, Acyclovir, Amprenavir, Cidofovir, Denavir, Efavirenz, Indinavir, Invirase, Famciclovir, Ganciclovir, Norvir, Oseltamivir, Penciclovir, Ritonavir, Saquinavir, Valacyclovir, Viracept, Viramune, Zanamivir, Zovirax

INDICATIONS OF RIBAVIRIN:

Mnemonic: RIBAvirin
a. RSV (Respiratory Synctial Virus)
b. Influenza B
c. Arenavirus (Lassa, Bolivian,etc.)

FOR FULL LIST OF MNEMONICS IN PHARMACOLOGY:


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