MBBS Entrance Exam Syllabus by IOM (Nepal)



Group (A) Botany

1.   Introduction to biology

1.1      Scope of biology, fields of biology, life processes

1.2      Biomolecules (macromolecules & micromolecules)

1.3      Taxonomy

1.3.1   Two kingdom and five kingdoms system of classification

1.3.2   Binomial/trinomial nomenclature

1.4.     Structure, types and economic importance of virus, bacteria and lichens

2.   Biodiversity

2.1      Structure and life cycle of Spirogyra, Nostoc, Marchantia, Dryopteris, Cycas and Pinus

2.2      Floral diversity of Nepal

2.3      Forest conservation

2.4      Types of forest of Nepal & their management

3.   Morphology

3.1      Distributation, habitat, habit, root, stem, leaf, flower, fruit and seeds of families – Brassicaceae, Solanaceae, Papilionoidae, Asteraceae and Poaceae

3.2      Taxonomy and economic importance of families given above

4.   Cytogenetics

4.1      Cytology

4.1.1   Introduction, structure and functions of prokaryotic and eukarotic cells

4.1.2   Cell division – amitosis, mitosis and meiosis

4.2      Genetics

4.2.1   Introduction, Mendelism, Genetic material ( DNA & RNA), Mutation

5.   Anatomy and physiology

5.1      Anatomy

5.1.1   Types of tissues (meristematic, permanent and special types of tissues)

5.1.2   Internal structure of dicot and monocot leaf, stem and root

5.2      Physiology

5.2.1   Water relation – osmois, diffusion, anscent of sap and transpiration

5.2.2   Photosynthesis – mechanism and factors

5.2.3   Respiration – anaerobic and aerobic

5.2.4   Hormones – physiological effects of auxins, gibberllin, cytokinin and abscisic acid

6.   Ecology

6.1      Introduction, ecosystem (pond & grassland)

6.2      Biogeochemical cycle – nitrogen and carbon

6.3      Ecological imbalance and its consequences – green house effects, acid rain , depletion of ozone layer

7.   Developmental biology

7.1      Reproduction – vegetative propogation, sporogenesis, gametogenesis

7.2      Pollination, fertilization

8.   Application of biology

8.1      Introduction to biotechnology, tissue culture, concept of breeding techniques, disease resistant plants, biofertilizers, perticides

8.2      Genetic engineering and its application

8.3      Fermentation technology – alcoholic, antibiotics, organic acids

Group (B) Zoology

1.   Biodiversity

1.1      Kingdom – Protista – general characters and classification of Phylum – Protozoa upto classes with eamples

1.2      Paramecium caudatum – distributation, habitat, habit, structure and reproduction

1.3      Kingdom – Animalia – general characters and classification of Phyla – Porifera, Cnidaria, Platyhelminthes, Nemathelminthes Annelida, Arthropoda, Mollusca, Echinodermata and Chordata upto clases with examples.

1.4      Faunal diversity of Nepal

2.   Anatomy and type study

2.1      Animal tissues – epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous, their structure, types, location and function

2.2      Earthworm and forg – distrubutation, habitat, habit, external feature, digestive system, respiratory system, excretory system, circulatory system, nervous system, reproductive system and economic importance.

3.   Human/rabbit physiology

3.1      Digestive system – alimentary canal, associated glands and physiology of digestion

3.2      Respiratory system – lungs, mechanism of breathing, physiology of respiration

3.3      Escretory system – kidney, urine formation, osmoregulation and homoeostaisis

3. 4     Circulatory system – heart, working of heart, blood groups, blood prssure, arterial and venous system

3.5      Reproductive system – male and female reproductive orgnas, associated glands, menstrual cycle.

3.6      Nervous system – CNS (Brain and spinal cord), PNS and ANS

3.7      Endocrine system – pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, pancreas

4.   Developmental biology

4.1      Gametogenesis – spermatogenesis, oogenesis

4.2      Fertilization, cleavage

4.3      Morulation, blastulation, gastrulation and neurulation

4.4      Coelom formation

4.5      Fate of three primary germinal layers

5.   Origin and evolution

5.1      Evolution – inorganic, organic

5.2      Inorganic evolution – origin of life, Oparin – Haldane’s theory, Miller – Urey experiment

5.3      Organic evolution – evidences of organic evolution

5.4      Lamarckism, Darwinism, Neo-Darwinism

5.5      Human evolution

6.   Environmental relations

6.1      Environmental pollution – air and water, sources, effects and control measures

6.2      Migratory behavior of fishes and birds

6.3      Adaptation in amimals – aquatic, terrestrial, aerial

6.4      Conservaton of wild life, wild life reserves, national parks, natural resources

6.5      Protection of the earth – human responsibility

6.6      Human population growth – consequences of over population, control measures

7.   Diseases

7.1      Smoking, alcoholism, drug abuse – symptoms, impact on health and society, rehabilitation, control

7.2      Malaria, ascariaris, typhoid, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS – mode of trammission, symptoms, control

7.3      Cancer – types, symptoms, control

8.   Medical technology and economic zoology

8.1      Test tube baby

8.2      Amniocentesis

8.3      Tissue and organ transplantation – skin, cornea, kidney, blood transfusion

8.4      Animal breeding

8.5      Fish farming, poultry farming

8.6      Antibiotics and vaccines



1.   Language of Chemistry and Chemical Arithmetic

1.1      Language of Chemistry

1.1.1   Symbols and formulae – atom, molecules, elements and compounds

1.2      Chemical Arithmetic

1.2.1   Dalton’s atomic theory and Laws of Stoichemistry: Postulates of Dalton’s atomic theory, Law of conservation of mass, Law of constant proportions, Law of multiple proportion, Law of reciprocal proportion, Law of gaseous volumes, Chemical calculations based on stoichiometry

1.3      Atomic Mass and Molecular Mass:

1.3.1   Definition, Mole concept, Calculation

1.4      Empirical, Molecular Formula and Limiting Reactants:

1.4.1   Derivation of empirical and molecular formula, chemical calculations

1.5      Avogadro’s Hypothesis and its applications:

1.5.1   Development, definition, application and deduction

1.6.     Equivalent Masses:

1.6.1   Concept, Gram equivalent weight (GEW), relation and determination of equivalent mass

2.   States of Matter

2.1      Gaseous State

2.1.1   Boyle’s law, Charles law, Dalton’s law and Graham’s law

2.2      Liquid State

2.2.1   Physical properties, Evaporation and condensation

2.2.2   Surface tension, Viscosity, Solution and solubility

2.3      Solid State:

2.3.1   Crystalline and amorphous solids, Water of crystallization

2.3.2   Efflorescence, Deliquesces, Hygroscopic, Seven types of crystal system, Simple cubic, face centered and body centered

3.   Atomic structure and Electronic theory of valency

3.1      Discovery, concept, Rutherford’s expt., Bohr’s model

3.2      de-Broglie equation, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle,       Probability concept, Quantum numbers

3.3      Pauli’s exclustion  principle, Hund’s rule of maximum multiplicity, Aufbau principle and Bohr Bury rule, Octet rule

4.   Periodic Classification of Elements

4.1      Mendeleev’s periodic law and periodic table, Anomalies

4.2      Modern periodic law and modern periodic table, Advantage

5.   Oxidation and Reduction

5.1      Classical concept, Electronic interpretation, Oxidation number

5.2      Oxidising and reducing agent, Redox reaction



1.   Non-metals

1.1      Water, Ammonia, carbon, sulphur, Hydrogen sulphide, Sulphur dioxide, Sulphuric acid

1.2      Environmental Pollution – Air pollution, photochemical smog, Acid rain, water pollution, Green house effect

2.   Metal and Metallurgical Principles

2.1      Characteristics of metals, non-metals, metalloids, Minerals, ores and Metallurgical process

2.2      Calcinations, roasting, smelting

2.3.     Carbon reduction process, Thermite process, electrochemical reduction, Refining of metals: poling, electro-refinement

2.4      Important minerals deposit in Nepal



1.   Introduction to Organic Chemistry

1.1      Fundamental Principles, Nomenclature, Structure and Isomerism of Organic Compounds

1.2      Preliminary Idea of Reaction Mechanism

2.   Chemical Bonding and Shape of Molecules

2.1      Hybridization and Valence shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory  Valence shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory

2.2      Prediction of molecular geometry (Shape of molecules) on the basis of VSEPR and hybridization.(BeF2­, BF3, NH3, H2O, CH4, H2O, C2H2 C2H4 H2S)

3.   Volumetric Analysis

3.1      Different ways of expressing the concentration of solutions

3.2      Titration

3.3      Standard substances and solutions (primary, secondary), Point (end, equivalence, neutral), indicators

4.   Ionic Equilibrium

4.1      Ionization of water and weak electrolyte (Ostwald’s dilution law), Degree of ionization and ionization constant

4.2      Acid base concept (Arrhenius, Bronsted Lowrry and Lewis)

4.3.     Hydrolysis of salts, Solubility product principle and its application, Common ion effects and its application

4.4.     Application of solubility product principle in qualitative analysis, Buffer Solution

5.   Alcohols and Phenols

5.1      Alcohols

5.1.1   Introduction, classification, nomenclature, isomerism, types, preparation (Lab and industrial) and properties

5.2      Phenols

5.2.1   Introduction, Preparation, Properties, test and uses

6.   Aldehydes and Ketones

6.1      Aliphatic Aldehydes and Ketones

6.1.1   Introduction, structure, nomenclature, isomerism, preparation, properties, test and uses

6.2      Aromatic Aldehydes and Ketones

6.2.1   Preparation, properties, important reactions

7.   Molecules of Life

7.1      definition, classification, structure, isomerism, properties, functions and significance of carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic acids and Enzymes

8.   Chemistry in Service to Mankind

8.1      Polymer – definition, natural and synthetic polymers, homopolymers and co-polymers, preparation of some polymers, PVC, polyethene, polystyrene, Teflon, Nylon-66, Bakelite and their uses

8.2      Dyes and drugs – definition, natural and synthetic dyes, names and structure of some common drug, drug addiction

8.3      Fertilizer – definition, chemical and organic fertilizers, nitrogen fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, fertilizer as pollutant

8.4      Pesticides – insecticides, herbicides, weedicides and fungicides (examples and their uses).



1.   Mechanics

1.1      General concept of physical quantities

1.2      Vector algebra

1.3      Laws of Motion, Application of Newton’s laws

1.4      Work, Energy and Power

1.5      Projectile motion

1.6      Circular Motion, Motion round a banked track and in vertical circle

1.7      Newton’s laws of gravitation, Variation of ‘g’ with altitude and depth, Satellites, Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity, Black holes

1.8      Elasticity, Hooke’s law, Young modulus, Bulk modulus, Elastic potential energy

1.9      Oscillatory motion, Simple harmonic motions, Damped oscillation, Forced oscillation and resonance

1.10    General concept of surface tension and viscosity

2.   Heat and Thermodynamics

2.1      Concept of heat and temperature, Expansion of solid and liquid, Specific heat capacity, specific heat capacity of solid, Specific latent heat of fusion and its  measurements

2.2      Thermal conductivity and its determination by Searle’s method, Black body radiation, Stefan-Boltzmann law

2.3      Thermodynamic systems, First law of thermodynamics, Heat capacities of ideal gas at constant pressure and constant volume and relation between them, Isothermal and adiabatic processes for an ideal gas, Second law of thermodynamics

2.4      Hygrometry – Relative and absolute humidity, phase diagram and triple point

3.   Waves and Optics

3.1      Reflection & Refraction of light, Refractive index, Lateral shift, Minimum deviation through prism, Relation between angle of prism, minimum deviation and refractive index, Lenses, Combination of thin lenses in contact

3.2      Dispersion, Dispersive power, Achromatic lenses, Scattering of light, blue color of the sky

3.3      Optical instruments, Angular magnification, Compound microscope, Astronomical Telescope

3.4      Longitudinal and transverse waves, Progressive and stationary waves, Velocity of sound in medium, Laplace’s correction, Stationary waves in closed and open pipes, Harmonics and overtones in closed and open organ pipes, Resonance tube experiment, Laws of transverse vibration of a stretched string

3.5      Characteristics of sound, Intensity, loudness, quality and pitch, Beats, Doppler’s effect, Infrasonic and ultrasonic waves

3.6      Physical optics, Wave theory of light, Interference, Diffraction and Polarization, Coherent sources, Young’s double slit experiment, Diffraction grating, Brewster’s law

4.   Electricity and Magnetism

4.1      Coulomb’s law – Force due to point charges, Gauss law and its applications: Field of a charged sphere, Line charge; Potential due to a point charge, Electron volt, Capacitance of a  capacitor, Parallel plate capacitor, Combination of capacitors

4.2      Electric Currents, Drift velocity and its relation with current, Ohmic and Non-Ohmic resistance, Resistances in series and parallel, Electromotive force of a source, Internal resistance, Work and power in electrical circuits, Kirchhoff’s laws, Wheatstone Bridge circuit, Meter Bridge, Potentiometer

4.3      Magnetic field lines and magnetic flux, Force on moving charge, Force on conductor, Force and torque on rectangular coil, Ampere’s law and its application to i) a long straight conductor ii) a straight solenoid, Faraday’s laws of electromagnetic induction, Lenz’s law

4.4      AC through resistor, capacitor and inductor, Series circuits containing combination of resistor, capacitor and inductor, Series resonance, Choke coil

5.   Modern Physics

5.1      Electrons: Millikan’s oil drop experiment, Cathode rays and their properties; Motion of electron beam in electric and magnetic fields, Thomson’s experiment to determine specific charge of electrons

5.2      Quantum nature of radiation, Einstein’s photoelectric equation, Stopping potential

5.3      Intrinsic and extrinsic semi-conductors, P-N Junction diode, Forward and reverse bias, Rectification, Zener diode

5.4      Bohr’s theory of hydrogen atom, Spectral series, Excitation and ionization potentials, Energy level, de Broglie Theory, Duality, Uncertainly principle

5.5      Lasers – Properties and uses, X-rays: Production, properties and uses

5.6      Basic concepts of nucleus, Mass Defect and amu, Einstein’s mass-energy relation, Binding energy, Fission and fusion, Alpha-particles, Beta-particles, Gamma rays, Laws of radioactive disintegration, Half-life and decay constant, Health hazards and safety precautions


This Article is to facilitate students , all topics may not have been covered.

53 thoughts on “MBBS Entrance Exam Syllabus by IOM (Nepal)

  1. hi i am sunira i had completed my +2 in science at 2068..i had lost 1 yr now i dnt have enough knoweleged about which subject should i choose for further education would u plz give your kind information where i should visit…

    1. 1st of all you will hv to select either of your science subjects and then go for graduation doing honours in your selected subject OR if you are interested in maths and physics then go for engineering OR if biology is your subject then do biotechnology.

  2. hello, does anyone here happen to know which book I should refer for this syllabus study . If you do it would be great.I highly appreciate.

    1. You can buy the book specially prepared for IOM which you will easily find at the gate of NAME or VIBRANT….It is highly prepared on the basis of it’s syllabus

  3. Is there any organisation to fund me 4 the medicine i would work in hospital to repay 4 it after my study under contract….

    1. Hello Rajan,
      I am not exactly sure of it but although NAME is an old institute, Orbit and Vibrant are rising institutes and have newer techniques. So make some research among people studying at Orbit and Vibrant.

  4. hey i just finished my A level and i want to do mbbs as my further study but the thing is that i want to prepare for the entrance exam by selfstudy, would it be good to prepare for mbbs entrance by self,not atttending any institution and where can i get the entrance preparation book in ktm??

    1. Pragya,
      You find out the syllabus, get the preparation books and start your self study. But make sure to attend mock exams conducted by institutes. You can get entrance preparation books for MBBS at bookstore on the entry to NAME.

  5. I just finished my A level and want to pursue further study in m.b.b.s. but i do not want to take any entrance preparation class, is it possible to prepare like that? And as i had studied A level will it affect my chances of getting scholarship??

    1. In Institute of Medicine, No.
      But in MOE, 20 marks are allotted for +2 marks, so it could affect depending upon the score you are awarded in A levels.

  6. hi…anyone could help me i hv taken a yr gap after +2 in science and i am still confused whether to take mbbs entrance classes or do self study or go in other sectiions

    1. Hello Manisha
      Since you have had a gap, if your interest is in Medical Science, do join MBBS entrance classes as it’d help to bridge the gap of a year. Self study is another option but you need resources and ideas.
      To go into another section is up to you totally and depends on your interest and determination.

      1. Hello sir..actuallyy..my problem is same as well as manishha ji…I had completed my +2 this last year..but becz of some problem ..l also take a gap for entrance preparation…soo sir plz ..give me some ideas and suggestions for preperation…which typ of books…soln..are perfect for preperation?..but now a days I am out of country…while upto for 2 months…an I had just a one solution.published by Dr. Krishna raj .adhikari..13 addition..so sir what can I do for other preperation..plz…suggest me sir….

  7. Is it the only chance for us to study in Maharajung, Teaching hospital if we are in scholarship merit list in IOM entrance.
    Or , have we got other chances too? Is there any possibility that we can study there through MOE entrance exam?

  8. Hi,I am a grade eleven student of science and i want to prepare for mbbs entrance.so which book should i select for its preparation taking in mind that i will be able to pass entrance exam of IOM.

  9. Dear admin,
    IOM le ni syllabus diyeko xa ra? Malai ta patyar nai lagena. Convincing justifications with official proof dekhaunu vaye hunthyo


  10. What number of months will we get after appearing in HSEB Grade 12 exam to prepare for medical college entrance examination ?

  11. hi i am arjun .iam studying entrance for mbbs .i dont know how to study n which books are prefer to study,

  12. Hello there. I am +2 science student from a private college. But i have completed my Slc from the government school. There are any preferences to me in mbbs entrance exam?

  13. I m confuse whether I study BDS or bsc ag?? Would u plz help me to clear out my confusion. Which one will better which has more scopes?

    1. Mona,
      it all depends on you and your interest and your back up. If you have a good link in dental hospital , BDS would be good and if you have acres of land , you have option to chose agriculture as well. We set our goals based on our resources, scopes and interest. Talking about the scope, you actually need to explore BSc as I have not much idea on agriculture side.

  14. hello sir I just one to ask u one question
    are trueman elementary biology and truemans objective biology same book?

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