Medical negligence is a ‘breach’ of the standard of care of a medical practitioner in the treatment of a patient, either by omission (failing to do something) or by commission (doing something wrong) which causes physical or mental damage to the patient. In more simple words, medical negligence is a preventable mistake caused by a breach of duty of care. …
Definition: Immunologic sequel of a previous group A beta hemolytic streptococcal infection of pharynx (not of the skin according to some researches). The rheumatogenic strains are M 1, 3, 5, 6, 14, 18, 19 and 24.
Affects brain, heart, joints, and skin
In genetically vulnerable host
Pathogenesis and morphology: Rheumatic fever and Rheumatic heart disease
Peak incidence: 5-15 years
Follows pharyngitis by 1 to …
Definition: It is the polymicrobial infection and inflammation of the upper genital tract typically involving the fallopian tubes, ovaries and surrounding structures (endometritis, salpingitis, pelvic peritonitis, tubo-ovarian abscess).
Primary organisms: Ascending spread of micro-organisms from cervico-vaginal canal
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (1/3rd cases)
Chlamydia trachomats (1/3rd cases)
Mycoplasma hominis (1/10th cases)
Endogenous aerobes: Non-hemolytic streptococcus, E.coli, Group B streptococcus, Staphylococcus
Endogenous anaerobes: Bacteroides, Peptostreptococcus, Peptococcus
This is a collection of a large number of important clinical and radiological signs in surgery. Most of these are eponyms. Comment to add more signs to this list.
Basilar skull fracture:
Racoon/Panda sign: Periorbital ecchymoses
Battle’s sign: Retroauricular (Over mastoid process) ecchymoses
Seat-belt sign: Ecchymotic area found in the distribution of the lower anterior abdominal wall and can be associated with perforation …