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English to Nepali Medical Dictionary

This translation mainly focuses on making the counselling of patients easier, rather than giving the exact meaning of the words.

english-to-nepali-translation

A) PATHOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND TERMS

  1. Inflammation: Sunninu (सुनिंनु)
  2. Infection: Sankraman (संक्रमण)
  3. Allergy/Anaphylaxis: Allergy (एलर्जी)
  4. Wound/Ulceration/Erosion: Ghaau (घाउ)
  5. Abscess/Suppuration/Pus collection: Peep jamma hunu (पीप जम्मा हुनु)
  6. Tumor/Growth/Papilloma: Gaantho/Girkho (गांठो/गिर्खो)
  7. Cancer/Carcinoma: Cancer (क्यान्सर)
  8. Atrophy: Apakshya/Suknu (अपक्षय/सुक्नु)
  9. Aplasia/Agenesis: Bikash nahunu (बिकास नहुनु)
  10. Congenital: Janmajaat (जन्मजात)
  11. Cyst: Foka (फोका)
  12. Ecchymosis/Bruise/Hematoma: Ragat jamnu (रगत जम्नु)
  13. Embolus/Clot: Thakka (थक्का)
  14. Effusion: Paani jamma hunu (पानी जम्मा हुनु)
  15. Fistula: फिस्टुला (अङ्गमा पर्ने अनावश्यक प्वाल)
  16. Fluid: Paani (पानी)
  17. Granuloma: Kanika gulma (कणिकागुल्म)
  18. Hereditary: Bangshanugat (वंशानुगत)
  19. Infarction/Necrosis/Gangrene: Marnu (मर्नु)
  20. Ischemia: Ragat napugnu (रगत नपुग्नु)
  21. Acute: Tibra (तीव्र)
  22. Chronic: Purano (पुरानो)
  23. Microorganism: Jibaanu/Bisaanu (जीवाणु/विषाणु)
  24. Cell: Koshika (कोसिका)
  25. Pain: Dukhai (दुखाइ)
  26. Red/Erythema: Raato (राता)
  27. Cyanosis/Bluish: Nilo (नीलो)
  28. Jaundice/Yellowish: Pahelo (पहेलो)
  29. Pallor: Fikka (फिक्का)
  30. Itching/pruritus: Chilaunu (चिलाउनु)
  31. Edema/Swelling: Sunninu (सुनिनु)
  32. Fever: Jwaro (ज्वरो)
  33. Failure: Raamro kaam nagarnu (राम्रो काम नगर्नु)
  34. Biopsy: Maasu ko jaanch (मासुको जांच)
  35. Etiology/Cause: Kaaran (कारण)
  36. Cigarette: Churot (चुरोट)
  37. Tobacco: Khaini (खैनी)
  38. Alcohol: Raksi (रक्सी)
  39. Discharge: Fohor paani (फोहोर पानी)

B) ANATOMICAL STRUCTURES

  1. Skin: Chhaalaa (छाला)
  2. Hair: Kapaal (कपाल)
  3. Nail: Nangg (नङ्ग)
  4. Head: Tauko (टाउको)
  5. Forehead: Nidhaar (निधार)
  6. Face: Anuhaar (अनुहार)
  7. Eye: Aankhaa (आँखा)
  8. Nose: Naak (नाक)
  9. Ear: Kaan (कान)
  10. Mouth: Mukh (मुख)
  11. Lip: Oth (ओथ)
  12. Tongue: Jibro (जिब्रो)
  13. Teeth: Daant (दाँत)
  14. Gums: Gija (गिजा)
  15. Neck Ghaati (घाँटी)
  16. Throat: Galaa (गला)
  17. Uvula: Rudraghanti (रुद्रघण्टी)
  18. Tonsil: Kilkile (किलकिले)
  19. Shoulder: Kum/Kaandh (कुम/काँध)
  20. Chest: Chhaati (छाती)
  21. Breast: Stan (स्तन)
  22. Nipple: Dudhko munta (दूधको मुन्टा)
  23. Abdomen: Pet (पेट)
  24. Umbilicus: Naaito (नाइटो)
  25. Wasit/Hip: Kamar (कमर)
  26. Groin: Kamar ra tighra bichko bhaag (कमर र तिध्रा बिचको भाग)
  27. Penis: Linga (लिंग)
  28. Vagina: Yoni (योनि)
  29. Testis/Ovary: anda (अन्डा)
  30. Thigh: Tighra (तिध्रा)
  31. Anus: Maladwar/Guda (मलद्वार/गुदा)
  32. Urethral opening: Mutradwar (मुत्रद्वार)
  33. Upper limb: Haat (हात)
  34. Lower limb: Khutta (खुट्टा)
  35. Palm: Hatkela (हत्केला)
  36. Sole: Paitala (पैताला)
  37. Digit/finger/toe: Aunla (औंला)
  38. Spine: Merudanda (मेरुदण्ड)
  39. Back: Dhaad (धाद)
  40. Elbow: Kuhino (कुहिनो)
  41. Wrist: Naadi (नाडी)
  42. Knee: Ghunda/Goda (घुंडा/गोडा)
  43. Joint: Jorni (जोर्नी)
  44. Artery: Dhamani (धमनी)
  45. Vein: Nasaa (नशा)
  46. Nerve: Snaayu (स्नायु)
  47. Bone: Haddi (हड्डी)
  48. Bone marrow: Haddi vitrako ledo (हड्डीको भित्रि लेदो)
  49. Muscle: Maasu (मासु)
  50. Canal/Channel: Nali (नली)
  51. Covering: Khol (खोल)
  52. Brain/Spinal cord: Mastiska/Dimaag (मस्तिष्क/दिमाग)
  53. White mater: Dimaagko seto bhaag (दिमागको सेतो भाग)
  54. Grey mater: Dimaagko khairo bhaag (दिमागको खैरो भाग)
  55. Meninges: Mastiska ko khol (मस्तिस्कको खोल)
  56. Pupil: Naani (नानी)
  57. Retina: Aankha ko pardaa (आखाको पर्दा)
  58. Larynx: Kantha/Swortantra (कण्ठ/स्वरतन्त्र)
  59. Thyroid: Thyroid (थायरयड)
  60. Bronchus: Swas pherne nali (श्वास फेर्ने नली)
  61. Esophagus/Intestine: Khaanaako nali/Aandra (खानाको नली/आन्द्रा)
  62. Lungs: Phokso (फोक्सो)
  63. Pleura: Phokso ko khol (फोक्सोको खोल)
  64. Heart: Mutu (मुटु)
  65. Mind: Man (मन)
  66. Pericardium: Mutu ko khol (मुटुको खोल)
  67. Diaphragm: Diaphragm (डायाफ्राम)
  68. Stomach: Aaamaasaya/Pet (आमासय/पेट)
  69. Pancreas: Agnyaasaya (अग्न्याशय)
  70. Spleen: Fiyo (फियो)
  71. Kidney: Mrigoula (मृगौला)
  72. Urinary bladder: Mutrasaya/Pisaab ko thaili (मूत्राशय/पिसाबको थैली)
  73. Ureter: Pisaabko nali (पिसाबको नली)
  74. Liver: Kalejo (कलेजो)
  75. Gallbladder: Pitta thaili (पित्तथैलो)
  76. Blood: Ragat (रगत)
  77. Milk: Dudh (दूध)
  78. Lymph: Lasika (लसीका)
  79. Urine: Pisaab (पिसाब)
  80. Stool: Dishaa (दिशा)
  81. Saliva: Ryaal (राल)
  82. Semen: Birya (बिर्य)
  83. Bile/Bilious: Pitta (पित्त)
  84. Sputum: Khakaar/cough (खकार/कफ्)
  85. Thumb: Budhi aunla (बूढी औंला)
  86. 1st/pointing finger: Chor aunla (चोर औंला)
  87. Little/fifth finger: Kaanchi aunla (कान्छी औंला)
  88. Anterior/Ventral: Agaadi (अगाडि)
  89. Posterior/Dorsal: Pachhaadi (पछाडी)
  90. Medial/Inner: Bhitri (भित्री)
  91. Lateral/Outer: Baahiri (बाहिरी)

C) PHYSIOLOGICAL TERMS

  1. Pulse/Heart beat: Dhadkan (घड्कन)
  2. Respiration: Saas (सास)
  3. Temperature: Taapmaan (तापमान)
  4. Blood pressure: Raktachaap (रक्तचाप)
  5. Absorption: Absoshan (अवशोषण)
  6. Accumulate/Collect: Jamma (जम्मा)
  7. Acidic: Amliya (अम्लीय)
  8. Alkali: Chyaar (क्षार)
  9. Active/Inactive or Passive: Sakriya/Niskriya (सक्रिय/निष्क्रिय)
  10. Stimulate/Inhibit: Protsaahit/Nisedh (प्रोत्साहित/निषेध)
  11. Enzyme: Enzyme (इन्जाइम)

D) DISEASE CONDITIONS (रोग)

1. Musculoskeletal:

  • Osteoporosis: Haddi khoklo hunu (हड्डी खोक्लो हुनु ), Haddi ko ghanatwa kam hunu (हड्डीको  घनत्व कम हुनु)
  • Fracture: Haddi bhaanchinu (हड्डी भाचिनु )
  • Arthritis: Gathiya (गठिया)
  • Osteoarthritis: Haddi khiyinu (हड्डी खियिनु)
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: Baath rog (बाथ रोग)
  • Sprain: Markanu (मर्कनु)
  • Strain: Maasu chyatinu (मासु च्यात्नु)
  • Gout/Hyperuricemia: Uric acid ko samasya (युरिकएसिड समस्या)
  • Paralysis: Pakshyaghaat (पक्षघात)

2. Circulatory:

  • Hypertension: Uccha raktachaap (उच्च रक्तचाप)
  • Myocardial infarction/Heart attack: Hridayaghaat (हृदयघात)
  • Anemia: Rakta-alpata (रक्तअल्पता)

3. Respiratory:

  • Common cold/Flu: Rugha (रुघा)
  • Cough: Khoki (खोकी)
  • Sneeze: Haachiyu garnu (हाच्छिउं गर्नु)
  • Difficulty breathing: Saans pherna kathinai (साँसमा कठिनाई)
  • Pneumonia: Nimoniya/Chhatiko infection (निमोनिया/छातिको इन्फेक्सन)
  • Asthma/COPD: Dam (दम)
  • Bronchitis: Bronchitis (ब्रोंकाइटिस)
  • Tuberculosis: Chayarog (क्षयरोग)
  • Whooping cough: Lahare khoki (लहरे खोकी)
  • Diphtheria: Bhyagute rog (भ्यागुते रोग)
  • Sinusitis: Pinaas (पिनास)

4. Digestive:

  • Acidity: Amlapitta (अ्म्लापित्त)
  • Indigestion: Ajirna/Apach (अजिर्ण/अपच्)
  • Belching: Dakar (डकार)
  • Constipation: Kabjiyat (कब्जियत)
  • Diarrhea: Pakhaala (पखाला)
  • Vomit: Baanta garnu (बान्ता गर्नु)
  • Hernia: Hernia (हर्निया)
  • Jaundice: Kamalpitta/Pandurog (कमलपित्त/पान्डुरोग)
  • Ascariasis/Worm infestation: Juka (जुका)
  • Typhoid/Enteric fever: Myadejwaro (म्यादेज्वरो)
  • Piles/Hemorrhoids: Piles/Bawashir (पाइल्स/बवासीर)
  • Cholera: Haija (हैजा)
  • Gastritis: Gastric (ग्यास्ट्रिक)
  • Calculus/Stone disease: Patthari (पत्थरी)
  • Malnutrition: Kuposhan (कुपोषण)

5. Urinary:

  • UTI: Pissabko infection (पिसाबको इन्फेक्सन)

6. Endocrine:

  • Diabetes: Madhumeha/chinirog (मधुमेह/चिनिरोग)
  • Infertility: Baanjhopan (बाँझोपन)

7. Nervous:

  • Stroke/Cerebrovascular accident: Mastiskaghaat (मस्तिस्कघात)
  • Epilepsy: Chaarerog/Mirgi (छारेरोग/मिरगी)

8. Eye:

  • Cataract: Motibindu (मोतिबिन्दु)
  • Glaucoma: Jalbindu (जलबिन्दु)
  • Nightblindness/Xerophthalmia: Ratandho (रतन्धो)
  • Squint/Strabismus: Dedhopan (डेँढोपन)
  • Short sightedness/Myopia: Alpdristi (अल्पदृश्टि)
  • Long sightedenss/Hypermetropia: Durdristi (दुरदृश्टि)
  • Internal/external hordeolum or stye: Aano (आनो)

9. Infectious:

  • Malaria: Aulo (औलो)
  • Filariasis: Hattipaile (हातिपाईले)
  • Visceral leishmaniasis: Kala-azar (कालाजार)
  • Dengue: Langado jwaro (लङडो ज्वरो)
  • Tetanus: Dhanustankar (धनुस्टंकर)

10. Dermatologic:

  • Leprosy: Kustha rog (कुस्ठ रोग)
  • Vesicles: Paani phoka (पानी फोका)
  • Measles: Daadura (दादुरा)
  • Chickenpox: Theula (ठेउला)
  • Herpes zoster: Janai khatira (जनै खटिरा)
  • Warts/Verruca: Musa (मुसा)
  • Tinea/Ringworm infection/Eczema: Daad (दाद)
  • Miliaria: Ghamoura (घमौरा)
  • Vitiligo/Albinism: Dubi (दुबी)
  • Acne: Dandiphor (डन्डिफोर)
  • Mole: Kothi (कोठि)
  • Scabies: Luto (लुतो)

E) TREATMENT MODALITIES (उपचार)

  1. Medication/Medicine: Ausadhi (औषधी)
  2. Needle: Suii (सुई)
  3. Surgery: Operation (अपरेसन)
  4. Incision/Excision: Chirne (चिर्ने)
  5. Radiotherapy: Sekne (सेक्ने)
  6. Cast/Slab: Plaster/Dhalaan (प्लास्टर/धलान)

Compiled by Dr. Sulabh Shrestha for Medchrome

Sulabh Shrestha

Intern doctor and Medical Blogger Sulabh Shrestha

20 thoughts on “English to Nepali Medical Dictionary

    1. CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation translates to “हृदय फुप्फुसीय चिकित्सा” which means cardiopulmonary medicine. I think this word can be used to indicate CPR.

  1. What is the English name for Nepali Herbal medicine like- Budo Okhat, Silaji, Vikhma, Harchur, Pakhanvedh, Veda ko Ghee, Tiger Milk etc.?

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