October 18th, 2010, the American Heart Association (AHA) and European Resuscitation Council (ERC) Guidelines for resuscitation.
These guidelines are updated once every five years, and reflect the latest scientific research on CPR and ECC (Emergency Cardiac Care). There are 10 minor things that people often miss or neglect during CPR. CPR means life. So here are 11 tips that must be kept in mind during CPR.
High Quality CPR: Top Ten Tips
1. Call 9-1-1.
2. Send someone for the Automated External Defibrillator (AED).
3. Immediately begin CPR if an adult victim is unresponsive and not breathing normally.
4. “C-A-B” (Compressions – Airway – Breathing). The AHA emphasizes the importance of early,
uninterrupted chest compressions.
5. Untrained rescuers should perform hands-only compressions: “Push hard and fast” on the
center of the victim’s chest or follow the directions of EMS dispatchers.
6. Trained rescuers should provide 30 compressions and 2 rescue breaths (if they are willing and
able) in order to improve outcomes, especially for pediatric victims.
7. Depth: Compress the chest at least 2 inches/5 cm (adults) or 1/3 depth of chest (children and
8. Rate: Provide 100 compressions per minute, to the beat of the Bee Gee’s song “Stayin’ Alive.”
9. Recoil: Allow the chest to recoil fully between compressions.
10. Minimize interruptions: Do not delay or interrupt chest compressions to check pulse or rhythm.
When more than one rescuer responds, one rescuer should ready the AED (automated external
defibrillator) while the other rescuer performs chest compressions.
11th tip: get trained! Skills deteriorate. Refresh your CPR training at least once every two years