May 29, 2024


  • December 21, 2019
  • 6 min read

Neurology is a medical specialty concentrating on the finding and treatment of conditions that affect the mind and the sensory system, such as the spinal cord, veins, muscles, and nerves. It involves the study and diagnosis of dysfunction in one or a few regions of the sensory system, which prompts various challenges in the sensory system either quickly or after some time. 

There are in excess of 600 neurologic sicknesses. Significant types include: 

  • Illnesses caused by defective genes, for example, Huntington’s disorder and muscular dystrophy 
  • Issues with the manner in which the sensory system grows, for example, spina bifida 
  • Degenerative illnesses, where nerve cells are harmed or die, for example, Parkinson’s infection and Alzheimer’s malady 
  • Illnesses of the veins that supply the brain, for example, stroke 
  • Wounds to the spinal cord and mind 
  • Seizure issue, for example, epilepsy 
  • Cancer, for example, brain tumors 
  • Diseases, for example, meningitis and so on.

These conditions are treated by doctors of India in two related fortes: neurological services and neurosurgery. In India, both neurologists and neurosurgeons are capable to treat patients with the sensory system. So what would be the differentiation between neurologists versus neurosurgeons? This article will clarify the distinctions and similarities between the two. 

To know more about neurologists and neurosurgeons in India, you can visit ClinicSpots. Here, you can also get in-depth information about the best hospitals where these neurosurgeons and neurologists practice. This platform also provides you an online opinion about the best neurologists and neurosurgeons through Q&A Platform. 


A neurologist is a medical specialist who has practical experience in determination, treatment, and the board of cerebrum and sensory system conditions. Neurologists use indicative tests like electroencephalograms (EEG), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and computer assisted tomography (CAT) scans to distinguish neurological conditions. Neurologists may specialize in the treatment of neurodevelopment issue, learning handicaps; pain management, and other interminable conditions. 

In case, that you or a friend or family member has a neurological issue that requires regular care, a neurologist will regularly be your essential health care provider. A neurologist can likewise treat your neurological issue, and also advise or counsel your internal medicine specialist and/or different doctors to help you deal with your general wellbeing. 


Neurologists in India experience four years of pre-therapeutic instruction at a medical school or college, four years of medical school bringing about a MD or DO degree, one year of temporary job, and at least three years of training in a nervous system science program. A few neurologists choose to take extra training in a region of intrigue, for example, stroke, development issue, or rest drug. 


A nervous system specialist is capable of treating basic neurological issues such as migraines, rest issue, tremors, epilepsy, mind and spinal line wounds, cerebrum tumors, strokes, Alzheimer’s illness, Parkinson’s ailment, different sclerosis (MS), amyotrophic parallel sclerosis (ALS), and peripheral nerve issue. 


As per the American College of Surgeons, a neurosurgeon is a medicinal specialist who diagnoses and treats conditions of the cerebrum, spine, and sensory system through careful and nonsurgical medications dependent on the sort of damage or ailment. 

Neurosurgeons in India qualified to detect and conclude the extent of neurological illnesses. Generally, they are referred by different labels viz. — Emergency Room Specialists, Neurologists, Internists, And General Professionals — for discussions. 


A neurosurgeon’s preparation in India is the longest preparing time of any medicinal forte. After clearing the pre-medical test post class 12, it will take 4.5 years along with 1 year of internship and 1 year of bond to complete the M.B.B.S degree. Post that you will have to appear and clear the Master of Surgery Degree which takes 3 – 4 years to clear depending upon your proficiency. This is followed by preparation and clearing the M.Ch exam which then makes you a qualified neurosurgeon in India. On the overall, you will be required to dedicate minimum 8 years or more to become a neurosurgeon in India. 

After that, you may seek fellowship to acquire expertise in an area, for example, minimally invasive spine surgery, pediatric neurosurgery, or peripheral nerve medical procedure.


Neurosurgeons are prepared to treat individuals with injury in the cerebrum and spine, aneurysms, blocked veins, constant low-back agony, birth absconds, tumors in the mind and spinal line, and fringe nerve issues. Neurosurgeons likewise perform surgery for carpal tunnel disorder, cerebrum and spinal tumor removal procedure, and spinal surgery. They additionally treat conditions not requiring medical procedure like Parkinson’s ailment or low-back ache.


There are significant contrasts among neurologists and neurosurgeons in India, with regards to medical management;

Neurosurgery is closely connected with nervous system science, in that both require specific information on the sensory system and its capacities. The two- neurosurgeons and neurologists in India may perform complex neurological testing like EEG, MRI, and CT scans to screen the cerebrum, and both may utilize negligibly intrusive methodology to fix veins inside the mind. 

Both the doctors, neurologists and neurosurgeons analyze and treat conditions that include the sensory system, neurologists don’t perform medical procedure. Neurologists in India are centered on finding explicit neurological conditions that can be redressed — by means of medications or different treatments — or require close administration. 

Nonetheless, if your diagnosis uncovered a physical reason for a neurological condition, a neurologist may make a referral to a neurosurgeon if medical procedure is required to resolve the medical condition. 

For a nerve, spinal, or cerebrum issue, which does not improve even after with the treatment prescribed by your primary care physician then you could be referred to see a neurologist or a neurosurgeon for in-depth check up of your medical condition.

Nervous system specialists also referred to as neurologist and neurosurgeon, treat patients with injury identified with the sensory system, yet what is the distinction, and where do the two converge? 

A neurologist will assess the patient suffering from a neurological disorder through checkup and diagnostic tests. In case they find a physical condition/debility that could require a surgical procedure or a similar treatment then the patient is referred to a neurosurgeon.

The distinction between a neurologist versus neurosurgeon is a fundamental one. The two of them treat the same organs, however neurosurgeons perform surgeries and neurologists don’t. For patients suffering with a cerebrum issue, these professionals are complementary when looking for treatment. 

In instances such as cerebrum tumors, neurosurgeons and neurologists all work in cohesion; both assess the patient yet their approach and treatment could differ.  Both these medical experts come with great deal of training and experience and hence they can be trusted to treat and deliver results to a great extent. Nevertheless, their success rate depends upon the capacity of the human body to respond to the treatment and recover. 

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