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10 Golden Rules of Anesthesia

May 30, 2013

The 10 golden rules of anesthesia is universally accepted as basic safety requirements needed for starting anesthesia. Assess the patient and Prepare the patient well Starve him – even for Local Anesthesia Anesthetise him on a tipping table for head down tilt in case of emergency. Check your drugs and equipment personally Keep an effective […]

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Malignant Hyperthermia (MH): Clinical features, Diagnosis, Management

May 16, 2013

Definition: A hypermetabolic state that occurs in genetically susceptible patients on exposure to a triggering agent. Triggering agents: Suxamethonium or Succinylcholine (Depolarizing skeletal muscle relaxant) All anesthetic volatile agents (eg. halothane) Biochemical basis: It is inherited as an autosomal dominant condition and caused by loss of normal Ca2+ homeostasis at some point along the excitation-contraction […]

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Sleep Apnea Treatments – What Are Your Options

May 10, 2013

First of all, let’s take a moment and define sleep apnea. Have you ever repeatedly stopped breathing during the night? Well, that’s basically the best definition for sleep apnea – a disorder characterized by a recurrent issue in breathing during your night sleep. While there have been many different caused linked to this particular issue […]

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Spinal Anesthesia: Anatomy, Physiology, Technique, Contraindication and Complication

May 9, 2013

Spinal anesthesia, also known as Subarachnoid blockade or Spinal block is a type of regional anesthesia in which the lower half of the body is anesthetized by injecting an anesthetic agent in the subarachnoid space surrounding the spinal cord. A. Indications: Transurethral prostatectomy (a block to T10 is required because of innervation of the bladder) […]

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Course of events leading to the formation of cataract in old ages

Cataract: A Brief Overview

April 24, 2013

The word ‘cataract’ dates from the middle Ages and has been derived from the Greek word ‘katarraktes’ which means ‘waterfall’. This term has been coined assuming that an ‘abnormal humor’ developed and flowed in front of the lens to decrease the vision. But after the understanding of lens anatomy, in modern days, Cataract is defined […]

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Anatomy of the Ear and Types of Hearing Loss

March 9, 2013

The ear is divided into three portions: the external, middle and inner ear.  The external ear consists of the auricle which gathers sound and funnels it through a tube known as external auditory canal (acoustic meatus) to the tympanic membrane (ear drum). The tympanic membrane is attached to three tiny bones (ossicles): maleus, incus and […]

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The Truth Behind Lasik Eye Surgery

February 24, 2013

The cornea, which is the front part of human eye, is reshaped in all major vision correction surgeries. Lasik eye surgery is one of the major procedures of reshaping the cornea. It’s used for correcting vision in patients who are far or near sighted. The ultimate goal is to create a clearer, sharper vision. Technological […]

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Capgra’s Delusion : Living with Impostors

May 16, 2012

Sometimes, you see things – possibly the things you long for more than anything else, or perhaps the thing you fear the most. But in reality, you haven’t. Turns out, it is nothing but your brain playing tricks with you. It’s just your delusion. WHAT IS DELUSION ? Quoting the definition – “It is a […]

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Intellectual Disability: Causes, Presentation and Treatment

July 16, 2011

Mental retardation (MR) or intellectual disability (ID) is a descriptive term for sub average intelligence and impaired adaptive functioning arising in the developmental period (< 18 yr). Causes Mental retardation affects about 1 – 3% of the population. There are many causes of mental retardation, but specific reason can only be found in only 25% […]

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