Medicine Archive

Sickle Cell Disease: A Primer

Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) or sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a hemoglobinopathy wherein abnormal hemoglobin is produced. It was first noted by James Herrick a medical student of African descent in 1911, when he discovered sickle-shaped erythrocytes while examining a student’s blood. Linus ...Read More

A Review Of Acute Pancreatitis

Definition: Inflammation of the pancreas due to parenchymal autodigestion by proteolytic enzymes The clinical definition of acute pancreatitis, whether in the presence or absence of underlying chronic pancreatitis, requires atleast 2 of the following 3 features: Clinical assessment: Abdominal pain suggestive strongly of acute pancreatitis. ...Read More

A Short Summary on Blood Pressure

Definition: Lateral pressure exerted by the flowing blood on the wall of the vessels Blood Pressure Measurement: A) Methods: Direct: Cardiac catheter Indirect: Sphygmomanometer Factors influencing BP measurement: Increase BP: Caffeine, Tobacco smoking, Exercise, Emotional responses, Medications Decrease: Changes in posture, Medications B) Sphygmomanometer parts: Aneroid ...Read More