Human Urinary tract
Human Urinary tract starts with filtering of blood from the kidneys. As kidneys excrete urine into collecting system from where urine passes to the renal pelvis and through 2 tubes called ureters to Urinary bladder. Urinary bladder is a dilated balloon like structure which can store urine for a temporary duration. Normally, human body had 2 sphincters ie valve like structures in the urinary tract that regulates the outflow of urine and maintains the continence. This prevents dribbling or inappropriate flow of urine. One such sphincter called internal sphincter is situated at the outlet of the Urinary bladder which is involuntary type. The other is situated at the lower level as shown in the picture and is voluntary type and is under control of a person. The urination process is controlled by the nervous system. The coordination of this system along with person voluntary relaxation of external urinary sphincter cause urination.
What is Urinary Incontinence?
Urinary incontinence (UI), the involuntary loss of urine so severe as to have social and/or hygienic consequences for individuals and/or their caregivers. ( source: Medscape ). The inability to hold urine with inappropriate release of urine or dribbling or leaking of urine continuously is called Urinary incontinence. This problem causes persistent wetting of undergarments and is a social and personal hygiene problem. Women and Old age people, and people with neurological disease are at risk of urinary incontinence.
Urinary incontinence leads to following problems-
- Persistent wetting of undergarments
- Fungal infections genital area
- Abrasion of the skin in the region
- Foul smell, which is a personal hygiene disaster and social embarrassment
- Affected daily life style and confidence.
Why incontinence occurs?
- Urinary tract infections
- Vaginal infection or irritation
Specifically in old age, weak bladder muscles, Overactive bladder muscles, Damage to nerves that control the bladder as in multiple sclerosis, Parkinson, Paralysis, Blockage from an enlarged prostate in men and chronic illness.
What are types of Incontinence?
Stress incontinence occurs when urine leaks as pressure is put on the bladder as during exercise, coughing, sneezing, laughing, or lifting heavy objects. It’s the most common type of bladder control problem in younger and middle-age women. It may begin around the time of menopause.
Urge incontinence occurs when there is sudden need to evacuate urine. Generally patient is not able to hold their urine long enough to get to the toilet. They are the people with diabetes or other neurological issues.
Overflow incontinence occurs when small amounts of urine leak from a bladder that is always full. Causes include enlarged prostate, Diabetes and spinal cord injury.
Functional incontinence occurs in many older people who have normal bladder control. The problem lies in getting to and using the toilet when the need arises.
Solution for Incontinence:
Your first job, if you have such issues is to visit a doctor. There may be various underlying causes for it and you should not sit back and rely on online health portals. There is no replacement to clinical assessment and treatment.
Besides the medical care, supportive care will have you improve your lifestyle.
Adult diapers are of great value in caring of patient with incontinence. Unicharm’s adult diapers are specialized for the care of such problem. The product is available for
- Those who are capable of walking to toilet independently- Pant type
- Those who are bed ridden or cannot use toilet independently – Stooper tape type ( releasing soon )
Features of the Pant type Lifree Adult diapers: Lifree absorbent Pants are-
- With Underwear like elastic . Easy to wear and remove for elderly as well.
- Light and comfortable with extra stretchability
- A good adsorbtion system that can prevent leakage of urine as well.
- Soft leg passage with flexible opening for legs.
Open it wide & put your legs into the passage.
Pull it up till knee and then pull it up all the waist.
For removing, simply tear off both sides and just take the diaper out.
These diapers are promising for people with problems of incontinence and Lifree has provided a lead to the solution in Indian subcontinent. The superb absorbability, Leak proof feature, and light weight and pant type feature cause this diaper to be a specialist in this care.
For more details visit: Lifree ‘Japan’s number 1 brand*’ : http://www.lifree.co.in/index.html
DISCLAIMER: *Data source: INTAGE SRI, ADULT DIAPERS SALES, APR’10- JAN’16 . The views about the product described here are solely in experience of the writer and does not represent view of the Lifree company or this website.
Writer- Mr Kumar , a regular health writer who writes for medical and health blogs.