Community Medicine Mnemonics

Community Medicine (Preventive and Social Medicine) also belongs to the course that you need to complete for medical careers. The subject although being a lot more easier compared to Basic sciences, people may find it pretty difficult to pass the exams. The main reason behind this fact is the negligence (studying only at the eleventh hour) and lack of interest towards the subject due to its nature. Keeping this in mind, I have compiled mnemonics available in the web, which can hopefully help you in your study and exams.

Preventive and Social Medicine Mnemonics

Diseases for global eradication

‘ Small Person is Mr. Dracula ‘

  1. Smallpox
  2. Polio
  3. Measles
  4. Dracunculiasis

Types of Vaccines

‘ STARK ‘

  1. Subunit
  2. Toxoid
  3. Attenuated (live)
  4. Recombinant
  5. Killed (inactivated)

Protein content of milk

  1. Human: ~1.1 %
  2. Cow: ~2.2 %
  3. Buffalo: ~3.3 %
  4. Goat: ~4.4 %

Polio vaccines

SalK : Killed Polio vaccine
OraL (Sabin) : Live Polio vaccine

Prevalance of disease

‘ PID ‘

Prevalance = Incidence x Duration

Antioxidant vitamins

‘ ACE ‘

  1. Vitamin A
  2. Vitamin C and
  3. Vitamin E

Uses of Normal human immunoglobulin

‘ HAM ‘

  1. Hepatitis A
  2. Measles prophylaxis

Diseases caused by Aedes aegypti

‘ Rosy Cheeks, Yellow Dimple ‘

  1. Rift valley fever
  2. Chikungunya
  3. Yellow fever
  4. Dengue

Live attenuated vaccines

‘ ROME Is My Best Place To go Yet ‘

  1. Rubella
  2. Oral polio vaccine (OPV)
  3. Measles
  4. Epidemic typhus
  5. Influenza
  6. Mumps
  7. BCG
  8. Plague
  9. Typhoid oral vaccine
  10. Yellow fever

Cereals and pulses and their lacking Amino acid

‘ CMPL ‘

  • Cereals + Pulses = Complete food.
  • Cerelas have Methinone and Pulses have Lysine.
  • When it comes to the deficient amino acid, just reverse it.

Passively immunized diseases with antisera

‘ DetecTive BRG ‘

  1. Diptheria
  2. Tetanus
  3. Botulism
  4. Rabies
  5. Gas gangrene

Suicide risk factors

‘ SAD PERSONS ‘

  1. Sex: male
  2. Age: young, elderly
  3. Depression
  4. Previous suicide attempts
  5. Ethanol and other drugs
  6. Reality testing/ Rational thought (loss of)
  7. Social support lacking
  8. Organized suicide plan
  9. No spouse
  10. Sickness/ Stated future intent

Poisson distribution formula

MNEMONIc: M to the Nth power times E to the Minus nth Over N factorial

Formula is: [(m^n) * (e^-n)] / n!

Accuracy of test: Sensitivity and Specificity

  • seNsitivity of a test: related to the rate of false Negatives.
  • sPecificity of a test: related to the rate of false Positives.

Hill criteria for Causality

‘ Clowns Pursuing Epidemiology Commonly Behind The Silly Samples ‘

  1. Consistency
  2. Plausibility
  3. Experimentation
  4. Biological gradient
  5. Coherence
  6. Temporality
  7. Strength of association
  8. Specificity

Recall bias

REcall bias is a problem with REtrospective studies and is based on ability to REmember.

Prevention: primary vs. secondary vs. tertiary

  1. Primary: Predisposing factors decreased
  2. Secondary: Severity decreased
  3. Tertiary: Therapy, Training

Cigarette smoke: major carcinogens

‘ PANT ‘

  1. Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)
  2. Aromatic amines
  3. Nitrosamines
  4. Tar

Nicotine and Carbon monoxide are Non-Carcinogenic.

Error: type I (alpha) vs. type II (beta)

Type I (Alpha) Error: “There Is An Effect” where in reality there is none.

Reliability

  • Random Error
  • REduces
  • REliability (REproducibility)

Causation

‘ Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) : check BP continuously ‘

  1. Temporal
  2. Specificity
  3. Strength
  4. Consistency
  5. Biological Plausibility
  6. Coherence

Vitamin B

‘ The RN Played Barcelona FC ‘

‘ TRNPBFC ‘

  1. B1 – Thiamine
  2. B2 – Riboflavin
  3. B3 – Niacin (nicotinic acid)
  4. B6 – Pyridoxine
  5. B7- Biotin
  6. B9 – Folic acid
  7. B12 – Cyanocobalamin

Assesment of Nutritional Status

  1. A : Anthropometric Studies
  2. B : Biochemical Studies
  3. C : Clinical Examination
  4. D : Diet Surveys
  5. E : Ecological surveys
  6. F : Functinal Status
  7. G
  8. H : Health and Vital Statistics

Polio Virus Strains

‘ OPV ‘

  1. type 1 : O = Outbreaks of paralytic polio
  2. type 2 : P = Potent antigenic strain
  3. type 3 : V = Vaccine associated polio

Notifiable Diseases

‘ Yellow CuP ‘

  • Yellow fever
  • Cholera
  • Plague

Prinicples of Primary Health Care (PHC):

‘ I ACE ‘

  1. I : Intersectoral co-ordination
  2. A : Appropriate technology
  3. C : Community participation
  4. E : Equitable distribution

3 Comments
  1. April 27, 2016
  2. June 23, 2016
    • June 23, 2016

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