April 4, 2012 # 6:40 pm # General surgery # One Comment
A group of miscellaneous affections of the growing epiphyses in children and adolescents. Typically , a bony nucleus of the epiphysis affected by osteochondritis is temporarily softened and is likely to get deformed by pressure in this stage.
Osteochondritis is sometimes classified as-
Crushing type or Osteochondrosis
Tractions Osteochondritis or traction apophysistis
Common Osteochnodrites –
Perthes’ disease – Head of femur is affected
Panner’s disease- …
January 27, 2011 # 10:17 pm # Anatomy, General surgery # 12 Comments
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome : Anatomy, Pathology, Causes, Clinical features, Diagnostic Tests and Treatment
Anatomy of Carpal Tunnel:
Carpal tunnel is a narrow passageway in the wrist formed by:
Posterior side: 8 carpal bones
Anterior side: Transverse carpal ligament
9 Flexor tendons
Median Nerve Distribution in Hand:
Origin: From lateral and medial cords of brachial plexus
Lumbricals: 1st and 2nd
Muscles of thenar eminence: Opponens pollicis, Abductor Pollicis …
December 29, 2010 # 12:07 am # General surgery, Pathology # No Comment
A. Transfusion Reactions:
May be allergic or hemolytic
1. Hemolytic reactions: can be acute or delayed
Acute Hemolytic reactions:
It is usely due to ABO incompatibility, there is intravascular hemolysis
As low as 10 ml of blood can produce hemolytic reactions
Clinically, patients presents with complains of pain and burning in vein and fever with chills and rigor, nausea and vomiting, flushing, chest …
December 18, 2009 # 2:41 pm # General surgery, Surgery # 2 Comments
Shock is an acute clinical syndrome characterized by poor tissue perfusion with impaired cellular metabolism, which is manifested as different serious pathophysiological abnormalities.
CLASSIFICATION OF SHOCK
CAUSES OF SHOCK
Hypovolaemia shock:- due to reduction in total Blood volume.
Loss of blood:- hemorrhagic shock, RTA, major surgeries.
Loss of plasma:- burn shock, pancreatitis.
Loss of fluid:- diarrhea, vomiting , …