Major Archive

Uterine leiomyoma or Fibroid

Definition: Most common benign neoplasm of female genital tract composed of smooth muscle and connective tissue that is hormonally responsive (Growth ↑ in pregnancy and ↓ after menopause). Gross pathology: Discrete, round, firm, irregularly lobulated and often multiple. Enlarged uterus Smooth and white cut ...Read More

Acute Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Definition: It is the polymicrobial infection and inflammation of the upper genital tract typically involving the fallopian tubes, ovaries and surrounding structures (endometritis, salpingitis, pelvic peritonitis, tubo-ovarian abscess). Causative organisms: Primary organisms: Ascending spread of micro-organisms from cervico-vaginal canal Neisseria gonorrhoeae (1/3rd cases) Chlamydia ...Read More

Important Signs in Surgery

This is a collection of a large number of important clinical and radiological signs in surgery. Most of these are eponyms. Comment to add more signs to this list. TRAUMA Basilar skull fracture: Racoon/Panda sign: Periorbital ecchymoses Battle’s sign: Retroauricular (Over mastoid process) ecchymoses ...Read More