Articles in: Respiratory system A

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Detecting Mesothelioma – Asbestos related cancer

Detecting Mesothelioma – Asbestos related cancer

A relatively rare but deadly cancer, mesothelioma kills between 15,000 to 20,000 people around the world every year.  This aggressive form of cancer is strongly linked to exposure to asbestos, a thread-like mineral once popular in building materials and insulation for the strength, durability, and fire resistance it provided.  Fibers of asbestos can be inhaled and then lodge in the …

Miliary Tuberculosis: Short information

Miliary Tuberculosis: Short information

Chest X-ray of a 35 year male with Pulmonary Tuberculosis who is under Anti-tubercular Treatment CATEGORY II.He had pyopneumothorax on the right -side with collapsed lower lobe and Miliary seeding on the left lung. Chest drain was in-situ on Right-side.
His Chest X- ray shows diffuse ” Millet seed” lesions on Left side typical of Miliary Tuberculosis.
See the fullsize image …

Arterial Blood Gas Sampling and Analysis

Arterial Blood Gas Sampling and Analysis

These are typical reference ranges, although various analysers and laboratories may employ different ranges.
Online Interpreter ABG :


The pH or H+ indicates if a patient is acidotic (pH < 7.35; H+ >45) or alkalemic (pH > 7.45; H+ < 35).

35-45 nmol/l(nM)
See above.

9.3-13.3kPa or 80-100mmHg
A low O2 indicates that the patient is not respiring properly, and is hypoxemic. At a PaO2 of …

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