Guillain-Barre syndrome is a postinfectious polyneuropathy involving mainly motor but sometimes also sensory and autonomic nerves. Guillain-Barré syndrome is an acute demyelinating disorder of the peripheral nervous system that results from an aberrant immune response directed at peripheral nervesThe pathogenesis of GBS is believed to be an abnormal immune response to an antecedent event, most commonly an infection. (Nelson Textbook of …
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Regional Anatomy of PICA:
The posterior inferior cerebellar artery also known as PICA is the largest branch of the vertebral artery, passes on an irregular course between Medulla and Cerebellum. It is one of the 3 major arteries supplying the cerebellum. It supplies the posterior part of inferior surface of Vermis, Central nucleii of Cerebellum and undersurface of Cerebellar hemisphere.It also …
Migraine Headache: Introduction,Clinical Features, Trigger factors,Diagnosis,management and Prophylaxis
Migraine is the 2nd most common cause of headache affecting 15% of women and 6 % of men worldwide. It is an episodic headache associated with certain features like sensitivity to light light, sound or movement . Nausea vomiting often accompany the headache.
Triggers for Migraine Headache:
Hormonal Changes:- Changes during menses, pregnancy, menopause, and …
Kluver-Bucy Syndrome is a rare neurobehavioral disorder associated with bilateral destruction of the anterior part of the temporal lobes of the brain. This removes not only, portions of temporal cortex but also of the amygdalas that lie inside these parts of the temporal lobe.
Amygdala lies deep within medial temporal lobes of the brain. The centromedial amygdala projects through the …
Parkinson’s Disease: Epidemiology, Causes, Features, Diagnosis and Management
“ Akinetic Rigid Syndrome’ or Idiopathic Parkinson Disease-Are a number of degenerative diseases affecting Basal Ganglia which present with differing combinations of
Loss of postural reflex
90% cases are above 45 years
Male and Female have equal risk
Cigarette smoking is known to be protective.
Cause or Etiology-
Unknown but toxin called MPTP ( Methyl-Phenyl-Tetrahydropyridine) suspected if disease starts …