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Rabies : Facts, Features and management Guidelines

Rabies : Facts, Features and management Guidelines

Rabies
Rabies is a zoonotic disease of warm-blooded animals is caused by a Rhabdovirus belonging to Lyssavirus. It is a bullet-shaped virus.
Mode of transmission-
Bites and licks on abrasions or intact mucus membrane by infected animals. Saliva is the vehicle of transmission. Bites,Licks,corneal graft,salivary aerosol can cause transmission.
Common sources of infection-
Rabid dogs, Monkey, Cat, Mice, Vampire bats.
Worldwide- Dogs,cats,canines,cattles, even Humans. Skunks,raccoons,vampire bats, …

Giardiasis: A cause of Chronic diarrhea and malabsorption

Giardiasis: A cause of Chronic diarrhea and malabsorption

Introduction-
Giardiasis is the Infection of the upper small intestine caused by a Flagellate Protozoan , Giardia lamblia ( aka G. intestinalis or G. duodenalis).
Epidemiology-

Occurs Worldwide, most abundantly in areas with poor sanitation.
Persons of all ages area affected, but is particularly high among children.

Life Cycle and Pathogenesis-
Organism occurs in faeces. Only the cyst is infectious, trophozoites are destroyed by gastric acidity. …

Beta Lactam Antibiotics

Beta Lactam Antibiotics

BETA LACTAM ANTIBIOTICS:
are the most popularly used antibiotics. They are  any antibiotic agent that contains a β-lactam chain in the molecular structure. Penicillin is the prototype drug and once was a cure for almost anything. Sir Alexander Fleming discovered Penicillin. It was a miracle discovery in history of Mankind.
Mechanism of Action:
–          Interfere with the synthesis of …

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