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Alcoholic Liver Disease or ALD

Alcoholic Liver Disease or ALD

Alcoholic Liver Disease
Alcohol is a toxic substance to the liver and remains one of the most common causes of chronic liver disease.
The spectrum of ALD is broad and a single patient may be affected by more than one of the following conditions;fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis or alcoholic cirrhosis.
EPIDEMIOLOGY

ALD does not occur below a threshold of 21 units/week in women and …

Acute Liver failure: Classification, causes, features and management

Acute Liver failure: Classification, causes, features and management

Also Known as Fulminant Hepatic Failure, it is a Syndrome in which hepatic encephalopathy, characterized by mental changes progressing from confusion to stupor and coma, and results from a sudden severe impairment of hepatic function. According to some authors, Acute liver failure is a broad term and encompasses both fulminant hepatic failure and subfulminant hepatic failure.
Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) …

Pyogenic Liver Abscess

Pyogenic Liver Abscess

Liver Blood supply:—
The liver derives blood from the hepatic artery (20%)  and the portal vein (80%).
The hepatic artery usually arises from the aorta at the coeliac axis and divides into the right and left branches at the hilus.
— —The venous drainage from the liver is by three large hepatic veins  right, middle and left  into the inferior vena cava (IVC), …

Paracentesis and Ascitic Fluid analysis in context of SBP

Paracentesis and Ascitic Fluid analysis in context of SBP

Indications for diagnostic paracentesis:

Cirrhotic patients with ascites at admission
Cirrhotic patients with …

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