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Crohn’s Disease vs Ulcerative Colitis : IBD

Crohn’s Disease vs Ulcerative Colitis : IBD

Inflammatory bowel disease or IBD refers to a group of auto-immune disorders in which the intestines become inflamed. Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are chronic inflammatory bowel disease which have relapsing and limiting course. The diseases have many similarities and it is important to differentiate them.

Crohn’s Disease
Ulcerative Colitis

Most common site
Terminal ileum
Rectum

Distribution
Mouth to anus
Rectum to colon “backwash” …

Hematemesis Or Vomiting Out Blood

Hematemesis Or Vomiting Out Blood

Hematemesis or Vomiting of Blood

When blood is present in the vomitus it is called Hematemesis. The color may be red when profuse. Often Black to coffee ground color when less sever – acid degraded due to formation of acid-hematin.
It usually indicated Bleeding proximal to Ligament of Teitz.
It should be differentiated from Malena and Hematochezia which present as blood …

Hiccups or Singultus : Causes and Treatment

Hiccups or Singultus : Causes and Treatment

Hiccups or Singultus
Hiccups most of the time are only benign phenomena and only last for a transient period. Seldom there may a serious disorder underlying the cause of hiccups. It may range from, Idiopathic cause to AMI and acute pancreatitis. Several differential diagnoses of cause of Hiccup are:

Common Causes:

Idiopathic
Excessive smoking
Excess of alcohol
Air swallowing
Anxiety
Esophagitis
Uremia
Diaphragmatic Spasm ( Cyclical) after laughing, coughing, …

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