September 25, 2010 # 8:35 pm # Gastrointestinal System, Pathology # No Comment
Inflammatory bowel disease or IBD refers to a group of auto-immune disorders in which the intestines become inflamed. Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are chronic inflammatory bowel disease which have relapsing and limiting course. The diseases have many similarities and it is important to differentiate them.
Most common site
Mouth to anus
Rectum to colon “backwash” …
July 3, 2010 # 5:58 pm # Gastrointestinal System # One Comment
Hematemesis or Vomiting of Blood
When blood is present in the vomitus it is called Hematemesis. The color may be red when profuse. Often Black to coffee ground color when less sever – acid degraded due to formation of acid-hematin.
It usually indicated Bleeding proximal to Ligament of Teitz.
It should be differentiated from Malena and Hematochezia which present as blood …
May 28, 2010 # 11:40 pm # Gastrointestinal System # No Comment
Hiccups or Singultus
Hiccups most of the time are only benign phenomena and only last for a transient period. Seldom there may a serious disorder underlying the cause of hiccups. It may range from, Idiopathic cause to AMI and acute pancreatitis. Several differential diagnoses of cause of Hiccup are:
Excess of alcohol
Diaphragmatic Spasm ( Cyclical) after laughing, coughing, …