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Top 10 CPR tips by AHA and ERC 2010

Top 10 CPR tips by AHA and ERC 2010

October 18th, 2010, the American Heart Association (AHA) and European Resuscitation Council (ERC) Guidelines for resuscitation.
These guidelines are updated once every five years, and reflect the latest scientific research on CPR and ECC (Emergency Cardiac Care). There are 10 minor things that people often miss or neglect during CPR. CPR means life. So here are 11 tips that must be …

Opioid Poisoning and its Emergency Management

Opioid Poisoning and its Emergency Management

Opioids are among the commonly misused substance by drug abusers around the world. Opioid comes in various forms – Heroin , Morphine, Methadone, Coedine, Pethidine, Dihydrocoedeine. These are a class of drugs derived from the extracts of plant- opium poppy. Used as Analgesics but most opiates give a feeling of euphoria and a degree of sedation. These side effects are …

Methanol Poisoning:Symptoms, Diagnosis and Management

Methanol Poisoning:Symptoms, Diagnosis and Management

Introduction
Methanol (methyl alcohol, wood alcohol, wood spirit, CH3OH) is widely used for industrial and automotive purposes but is unfit for consumption by humans and animals. It is common to find methanol in products like anti-freeze, canned heating sources like Sterno, varnish, windshield wiper fluid, paint thinner, and fuel additives. Poisonings occur from accidental ingestion of methanol-containing products or when it …

ORGANOPHOSPHORUS POISONING

ORGANOPHOSPHORUS POISONING

ORGANOPHOSPHORUS POISONING
-OP compounds are widely used as pesticides, for eradication of vectors.
Malathion,Fenthion,Methamidophos,Diazinon,Chlorpyrifos,Parathion are the common insecticides.

CLINICAL PRESENTATION

Acute cholinergic syndrome:- occur within minutes of exposure.
Pungent garlic like odour in breath, vomit and clothing; Muscarinic effects -miosis , bronchorrhoea, bronchospasm, salivation , lacrimation , abdominal pain , bradycardia
Nicotinic effects- Muscle fasciculation, hyper-reflexia, flaccid muscle weakness with reduced tendon reflexes
CNS effects- headache, …

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