November 19, 2013 # 9:30 am # Nephrology # No Comment
A number of formulae have been devised to estimate GFR or Ccr values on the basis of serum creatinine levels.
Estimated creatinine clearance rate (eCCr) using Cockcroft-Gault formula
A commonly used surrogate marker for estimate of creatinine clearance is the Cockcroft-Gault formula, which in turn estimates GFR: It is named after the scientists who first published the formula, and it …
August 31, 2013 # 7:57 pm # Medicine # No Comment
A) Initial management:
Person with prolonged cardiac pain: Deep, visceral, heavy, squeezing, crushing, typically radiating to arms, lower jaw, abdomen, back but above umbilicus
Call 102, come to nearby hospital
Duty doctor: suspect ACS
Do 12 lead ECG (1st investigation to be done)
B) Further management is based on ECG results:
1. No ST Elevation (Unstable angina, NSTEMI):
ECG changes: ST deviation and T wave inversion (in …
July 1, 2013 # 6:00 am # Medicine # One Comment
Clubbing is defined as the bulbous enlargement of the terminal phalanges due to proliferation of connective tissue between the fingernail and the bone. It is characterized by increase in anteroposterior as well as transverse diameter of nails and obliteration of onychodermal or lovibond’s angle (angle between the nail base and the adjacent skin fold).
Other names for Clubbing:
b. Hippocratic fingers
June 8, 2013 # 11:57 am # Endocrinology # One Comment
The major thyroid hormones are T0-T2 and T3-T4.
T0 through T2 are considered inert hormones. They appear to be byproducts of thyroid hormone synthesis and do not appear to have any function in the body.
T3 and T4 are the hormones associated with hypothyroidism, and they play a crucial role in your metabolism. T3 is the primary hormone used to fuel …