Gynae/Obstr


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MBBS Guide : Topics for Gyne/Obs Exam

Obstetrics Anatomy Placenta anatomy, functions, umbilical cord and abnormalities (Viva) Physiological changes in Pregnancy and normal puerperium Human chorionic gonadotrophin and Urine pregnancy test Terminologies used in History and Examination (Viva) Labor vs False labor…


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Maternal Rhesus Isoimmunization : Rh incompatibility

Alloimmunization (Isoimmunisation) is defined as the antibody response to foreign antigen derived from different individual of the same species. Rh alloimmunization refers to the development antibodies to Rh D antigen. Antibodies may be produced to…


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Uterine leiomyoma or Fibroid

Definition: Most common benign neoplasm of female genital tract composed of smooth muscle and connective tissue that is hormonally responsive (Growth ↑ in pregnancy and ↓ after menopause). Gross pathology: Discrete, round, firm, irregularly lobulated…


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Acute Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Definition: It is the polymicrobial infection and inflammation of the upper genital tract typically involving the fallopian tubes, ovaries and surrounding structures (endometritis, salpingitis, pelvic peritonitis, tubo-ovarian abscess). Causative organisms: Primary organisms: Ascending spread of…



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Bishop Score And Modified Bishop Score in Obstetrics

Bishop Score or Prelabor Scoring Bishop score is a pre-labour scoring system that helps to assist in predicting whether induction of labor will be required during parturition. It uses several clinically measurable parameters to calulate…


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A Review of Ectopic Pregnancy

Definition: Implantation and development of fertilized ovum outside the normal endometrial cavity Sites of Implantation: 1. Extrauterine (98.5%): Tubal (97%): Ampulla, Isthmus, Indundibulum, Interstitium Ovarian (0.5%) Abdominal (1%): Secondary > Primary 2. Uterine (1.5%): Cervical…