Articles in: Gynae/Obstr

Home » Archive » Gynae/Obstr

Maternal Rhesus Isoimmunization : Rh incompatibility

Maternal Rhesus Isoimmunization : Rh incompatibility

Alloimmunization (Isoimmunisation) is defined as the antibody response to foreign antigen derived from different individual of the same species. Rh alloimmunization refers to the development antibodies to Rh D antigen. Antibodies may be produced to Rh antigens C,c,D,E, or e but only D is strongly immunogenic.

1st Rh+ve pregnancy: Rh negative mother bearing Rh positive fetus
Feto-maternal bleed: Abortion, Amniocentesis, Antepartum hemorrhage, …

Uterine leiomyoma or Fibroid

Uterine leiomyoma or Fibroid

Definition: Most common benign neoplasm of female genital tract composed of smooth muscle and connective tissue that is hormonally responsive (Growth ↑ in pregnancy and ↓ after menopause).
Gross pathology:

Discrete, round, firm, irregularly lobulated and often multiple.
Enlarged uterus
Smooth and white cut surface with whorled appearance
False capsule: pinkish color
Center of tumor is least vascular and likely to degenerate

Risk factors:

Hyperestrogenic state
Black race



Within uterine …

Acute Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Acute Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Definition: It is the polymicrobial infection and inflammation of the upper genital tract typically involving the fallopian tubes, ovaries and surrounding structures (endometritis, salpingitis, pelvic peritonitis, tubo-ovarian abscess).
Causative organisms:
Primary organisms: Ascending spread of micro-organisms from cervico-vaginal canal

Neisseria gonorrhoeae (1/3rd cases)
Chlamydia trachomats (1/3rd cases)
Mycoplasma hominis (1/10th cases)

Secondary organisms:

Endogenous aerobes: Non-hemolytic streptococcus, E.coli, Group B streptococcus, Staphylococcus
Endogenous anaerobes: Bacteroides, Peptostreptococcus, Peptococcus

Risk Factors:

Young, …

Subscribe Via Email

Enter Your Email To Subscribe

Blog Authors

BMI Calculator

Calculate calories burnt »

Relevant links

RSS Recent Questions in Medchrome

Recent Comments

RSS Recent Videos in Medchrome

Medchrome Networks

Established in 2009, The Network includes
Pedchrome- Pediatric Health Magazine
Epomedicine- E- Portal of Medicine
Medical tube - Video tube
Answers - Ask medchrome

Ask Medical Questions