Anabolic steroids or anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS), are synthetic forms of the male sex hormone testosterone. They mimic the effects of the male steroids testosterone and dihydrotestosterone. They increase protein synthesis within cells, which results in the buildup of cellular tissue (especially in muscles). Taking doses 10 to 100 times the amount prescribed by doctors for various illnesses promotes larger muscles …
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FDA Approved Antibiotics which are marketed internationally. The problem of the antibiotic resistance has been over-viewed in the previous article. Here are the latest antibiotics in current use.
In clinical use: Linezolid In clinical trials: Radezolid, torezolid.
Effective against Organisms-
–gram-positive bacteria including MRSA, VRE and Streptococcus pneumoniae.
–Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Nocardia.
Linezolid- 1st to be approved this millenium
–nosocomial and community-acquired pneumonia,
–skin and soft tissue infections.(SSTIs)
Bacteriostatic against …
The need for novel antibacterials is a desparation today because of increasing resistance to the older ones.Three classes of drug-resistant bacteria are a major cause of concern-
–Methicillin -resistantStaphylococcus aureus (MRSA),
–multidrug-resistant (MDR) and pan-drug-resistant (PDR) gram-negative bacteria, which include strains of Acinetobacter baumannii, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa,
–MDR and extensively-drug-resistant (XDR) strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-TB and XDR-TB).
•Multidrug resistance (MDR) bacteria – non-susceptibility …