MEDCHROME MAGAZINE

Articles in: Anatomy

Home » Archive » Anatomy

MBBS Study Guide and Tips : Anatomy

MBBS Study Guide and Tips : Anatomy

Arteries,veins,nerves,plexus, muscles- origin,insertion,function, landmarks, surface anatomy,histology and so on are what makes anatomy a vast subject and most difficult for human brain to remember. Anatomy is like mathematics, if you are right you score and if you are wrong its a nil.
Anatomy may be fun to study but when it comes to memorizing things, it isn’t a piece of cake …

Lesions of Upper Motor Neurons and Lower Motor Neurons

Lesions of Upper Motor Neurons and Lower Motor Neurons

Upper Motor Neurones (UMN), Lower Motor Neurone (LMN) and their Lesions
All the neurons contributing to the pyramidal and extrapyramidal systems should be called upper motor neurons (UMN).
The anterior horn cells and the related neurons in the motor nuclei of some cranial nerves are called lower motor neurons (LMN). Axons of these cells give rise to the peripheral motor nerves. These …

Brachial Plexus And Its Injury

Brachial Plexus And Its Injury

Definition:
A network of spinal nerves that originates in the back of the neck, extends through the axilla (armpit), and gives rise to nerves to the upper limb. The brachial plexus is formed by the union of portions of the 5th through 8th cervical nerves (C5-C8) and the first thoracic nerve (T1), all of which come from the spinal cord.
Function:
The …

External Carotid Artery and Its branches

External Carotid Artery and Its branches

The arterial tree begins from the aorta. After the aorta leaves the heart, it divides into the ascending
aorta, the aortic arch, and the descending aorta.
The branches of the arch of aorta can be remembered as ABCS:

A = Arch of Aorta
B = Brachiocephalic artery
C = Left common carotid artery
S = Left subclavian artery

The Brachiocephalic artery divides into the right common carotid …

Clinical Anatomy of Anterior Abdominal Wall

Clinical Anatomy of Anterior Abdominal Wall

Anterior abdominal wall consists of following layers outside to in-

Skin:
Superficial fascia:

Superficial fatty layer of Camper
Deep fibrous layer of Scarpa
Muscles of Anterior Abdominal wall:

External oblique: Outer surface of lower 8 ribs → Xiphoid, linea alba, Pubic crest, Pubic tubercle, Anterior ½ pubic crest
Internal oblique: Lumbar fascia, Anterior 2/3 iliac crest, Lateral 2/3 inguinal ligament→  Lower 6 costal cartilages, line alba, pubic crest
Transversus …

Rules Mnemonics in Anatomy

Rules Mnemonics in Anatomy

All are about 45 cms or 18 inches:

Length of Vas deferens or ductus deferens
Length of thoracic duct
Length of Spinal cord
Femur (for 6 feet person)
Length of transverse colon
Distance from the incisor teeth to the cardiac end of the stomach
Umbilical cord at birth
Length of sartorius muscle

All are about 25 cms or 10 inches:

Length of Esophagus
Length of Ureter
Length of Duodenum
Length of Descending colon

All …

Clinical Anatomy of Ureter

Clinical Anatomy of Ureter

Definition:
The ureters are a pair of muscular tubes which convey the urine from kidneys (renal pelvis) to the urinary bladder.
Size and Extent:

Length: About 25 cm (10 inches)
Diameter: About 3 mm
Extent: Pelviureteric junction to urinary bladder

Location:
Retroperitoneal structure in the posterior abdominal wall (upper part) and lateral pelvic wall (lower part)
Parts, Courses and Relations:
A) Pelvis of Ureter:

Arises from the renal pelvis (leaves …

Transpyloric plane of Addison: Significance of landmark

Transpyloric plane of Addison: Significance of landmark

Transpyloric plane of Addison is an imaginary transverse plane lying halfway between the suprasternal notch or jugular notch (superior margins of the manubrium sterni) and the upper border of symphysis pubis, or approximately a hand’s breadth below the xiphoid. The pylorus of stomach may be located on this plane in the supine or prone positions, but in the erect (anatomical) …

Writers for Medchrome

sulavmetal@gmail.com'

Intern doctor and Medical Blogger Sulabh Shrestha

Health enthusiast and guest blogger Jeniffer Smith

Pediatrician and Writer Dr. Sujit Shrestha

Medical student and blogger Binaya Kafle

Rheumatologist Dr. Binit Vaidya

BMI Calculator



Calculate calories burnt »

Subscribe to Medchrome Weekly

* indicates required

Welcome! Who am I?

You can add any text here, put images, your photo and practically anything. You can configure this about box from widgets settings in Wordpress Dashboard. For custom HTML content, add the "Text" widget and put your content there.

You can add any text here, put images, your photo or practically anything. You can configure this about box from widgets settings in Wordpress Dashboard. For custom HTML content, add the "Text" widget and put your content there.


Ask Medical Questions

Medanswers