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Articles by Sulav Shrestha

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Witch’s (Bokshi’s) bite – Medically Explained

Witch’s (Bokshi’s) bite – Medically Explained

Have you heard of females, waking up with bluish-blackish spots on arms or thighs without a known history of trauma? These unexplained skin marks are often attributed to Witch’s or “Bokshi’s” bite by old people, here in Nepal. As vampires are to Western culture, witches are to South Asian culture for both have a questionable existence and are thought to …

Maternal Rhesus Isoimmunization : Rh incompatibility

Maternal Rhesus Isoimmunization : Rh incompatibility

Alloimmunization (Isoimmunisation) is defined as the antibody response to foreign antigen derived from different individual of the same species. Rh alloimmunization refers to the development antibodies to Rh D antigen. Antibodies may be produced to Rh antigens C,c,D,E, or e but only D is strongly immunogenic.
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY

1st Rh+ve pregnancy: Rh negative mother bearing Rh positive fetus
Feto-maternal bleed: Abortion, Amniocentesis, Antepartum hemorrhage, …

Rheumatoid Factor (RA Factor) and Its Diagnostic Importance

Rheumatoid Factor (RA Factor) and Its Diagnostic Importance

A presentaion on rheumatoid factor and its significance in diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis by students of Kist Medical College

Objectives

To define Rheumatoid Factor .
To explain briefly its significance in the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis.

Rheumatoid factor

Rheumatoid factor (RF) is an autoantibody that is directed against organism’s own tissues, most relevant in rheumatoid arthritis.
An antibody against the Fc portion of IgG, which is …

Lesions of Upper Motor Neurons and Lower Motor Neurons

Lesions of Upper Motor Neurons and Lower Motor Neurons

Upper Motor Neurones (UMN), Lower Motor Neurone (LMN) and their Lesions
All the neurons contributing to the pyramidal and extrapyramidal systems should be called upper motor neurons (UMN).
The anterior horn cells and the related neurons in the motor nuclei of some cranial nerves are called lower motor neurons (LMN). Axons of these cells give rise to the peripheral motor nerves. These …

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